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Chairmaker’s Planes – FineWoodworking

Chairmaker's Planes
Small planes for shaping chair seats
Small planes for shaping chair seats (right here, resting on a pine seat for a Windsor chair) have doubly compassed soles to work into the hole.

Chairmakers hole plank seats with bigger variations of finger planes, with the identical doubly compassed soles. Many of those planes are both craftsman-made or modified to work a very favored seat form, from deeply hollowed to at least one extra shallow. Simply as helpful are massive shaves, usually referred to as travishers, with strongly radiused irons and handles curving away from the work to maintain the consumer’s knuckles out of hurt’s manner. As with the planes, a chairmaker wants various travisher shapes to suit particular seat shapes.

To form a seat, chairmakers begin with a thick plank (often white pine or basswood) reduce roughly to form. They hole the middle and form the sides with shaves and planes, leaving a form that’s each comfy and sensible. The hole is deeper towards the again to present the sitter a slight backward cant, and it’s left thickest the place power is required to joint in legs, spindles, and rails.

These two unusual shaves could be used to hollow a plank seat or just as easily to shape a shovel or scoop.
These two uncommon shaves may very well be used to hole a plank seat or simply as simply to form a shovel or scoop.

Travishers are shaves used to hole and form a seat. They’ve upward-sweeping handles to maintain the chairmaker’s knuckles nicely out of the best way.

Chairmakers have tailored one different airplane to their wants: a scraping spokeshave often known as a satan. It’s used to form and easy spindles and the “bows” for rails and arms. With a brief sole formed to suit the circumference of the half and a bone or brass insert forward of the blade to counter put on, it’s essentially the most sensible instrument for smoothing curved components. A satan can comply with advanced shapes, similar to the continual again rail on some Windsor chairs—a process almost not possible with different planes.

The Handplane BookExcerpted from The Handplane Guide (The Taunton Press, 1999) by Garrett Hack.

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